REVERSE OSMOSIS PLANTS
Reverse osmosis (RO) is a membrane-technology filtration process which filter greatly to reduce the various molecules and impurities from water by applying pressure to the solution, when it is on one side of a selective membrane. The huge benefit is that it is creating a clean water which will not harm environment. To get a great solution, it is the process in which the pressue side of the membrane and the pure solvent is allowed to pass to the other side. Reverse osmosis is used to purify Water in order to improve the color and gives a good quality of taste. It is counted as a best filtration method which remove all the hazardous fluids and remove minerals, heavy metals from water.
Classification of RO systems
The RO plants have been assorted into 3 categories:
- Residential RO Plants
- Industrial RO Plants
- Commercial RO Plants
Why to choose us?
EFPL's offered machines are properly inspected under the vigilance of our deft professionals for stringent compliance with set industrial standards. In addition to this, the offered range of products is highly praised by our clients that are situated all across the worldwide. Our portfolio of reverse osmosis systems includes those specifically engineered and designed for large industrial applications, medium sized commercial applications, small laboratory applications and trailer-mounted mobile systems for temporary and emergency applications. Our RO plants make sure to control the nutrients as to maintain a good health by delivering a good quality of clean water. We design customize solutions which are suitable for marine applications for the purification of a large amount of water at one with a superb capacity of performance level.
Treatment Process of RO plants:
Fluids stems RO plants work on the basis of Cross-filtration method, through which a percentage amount of feed water is rejected as the elimination of hard materials during the filtration process. The entire procedure works through by removing impurities from water solvent by using pressure which filter out and flush away to leave a clean drinking water.
How Does Reverse Osmosis Work?
Reverse osmosis is water filtration process in which pre-treated as well as filtered water is connected to the high-pressure pump where pressure is developed and fed to the semi-permeable membrane. Reverse Osmosis membranes work on the Cross Flow Filtration method where the salts get rejected partially in order to equalize the concentrations. In other words, water generate by this process can be used for many reasons which includes concentration of impurities, eliminating dissolve minerals, waste water treatment and purification purpose.
Reverse osmosis (RO) is water purification process in which pre-treated and filtered water is connected to the high-pressure pump that develops pressure and fed it to the RO membrane. RO membrane works on the Cross flow Filtration method that partially rejects the salts and delivers pure water. Purified water is regarded as product and waste water is regarded as concentrate or reject. The amount of water delivered as a product is known as the recovery. Quality of feed water, membrane type, temperature, and complete RO unit design are some of the factors that are considered to determine the ratio of recovery & output parameters.
Units in RO Plant & its significance:
Raw Water Pump:
Raw water is untreated water found in the environment and does have ions, bacterial, minerals, particles, and parasites. Raw water is ground water and rainwater. Raw water pump is used for transferring water into the engine through a seacock fitting and pumping it through the water jacket of the engine.
Pressure Sand Filter (PSF):
Pressure sand filter is used to filter the water and remove suspended matters and turbidity.
Activated Carbon Filter (ACF):
The water and wastewater are filtered by the Activated Carbon Filter and odor, taste, color are improved. Charcoal is treated with oxygen to form activated carbon that has millions of tiny pores between the carbon atoms. It works via adsorption process that has efficiency up to 90% whereby pollutant molecules in the liquid to be treated are collected inside the pore structure of the carbon substrate.
Micron Cartridge Filter (MCF):
The low maintenance cartridge filter has pressure vessels fitted internally with spun/ pleated cartridge element that removes micron sized particles. It removes biological chemical and microorganisms from water.
Anti scaling Dosing System:
It is designed to prevent membrane from hardness.
High Pressure Pump:
- High Pressure pump supplies feed water to RO system at a pressure of 10- 12 kg/cm2.
- Desalination system by RO membrane element:
- RO system removes 90- 95% of Total Dissolved Solids.
Storage of treated unit:
It stores treated pure water.
RO system removes 97% of total dissolved solids (TDS) and 95% of naturally occurring organics in a single pass. The water recovery and average membrane flux ranges from 65 to 80% recovery and 14 to 18gfd respectively. The water recovery as well as membrane flux are dependent on the water chemistry.
- Dry contacts are given for storage tank levels, chemical feed, pre-treatment equipment, and pressure switches
- Control interface indicates all alarm and shut down conditions
- Programmable controls are user-friendly
- Quality components ensure reliable, continuous operation
- Pre-engineered systems mean convenient installation
- Clean-in-place connections increase system availability
- Compact footprint saves floor space
- Quick equipment delivery keeps project to move fast
- Convenient to install and operate
- Produces quality Water
- Range of cost-effective standard models
- Great performance and highly usage
Boiler water Treatment:
Industries that rely on steam as an energy source, a driving force understand that dissolved and suspended solids in a steam generator causes scale and lead to equipment failure. Poor feed water quality of increases energy consumption, and reduces stream purity & quality and results in reduced product quality and production rates.
Water from local municipality is not ideal for pharmaceutical manufacturing. Water free of bacterial and organics dissolved solids levels that are 10,000 times lower than those in potable drinking water is suitable for the product specifications. RO is the first step in reducing the suspended solids levels, in which 98% of the influent water salts are removed.
RO systems for Industrial & mining waste retention ponds
Industries collect pollutants contaminated rain water and excess process water into catchment basins. The storm events can cause these basins to overflow and pollute nearby surface water and ground water. Portable reverse osmosis systems can efficiently reduce the volume of water in these basins and allow the facility to discharge clean unpolluted water while retaining the contaminants in the basin.
Other applications of Reverse Osmosis Plant:
- Water For injection (WFI)
- Water for electrical conductor circuits
- Wastewater recycling
- Zero Liquid discharge system
- Cooling Tower Water Treatment Plant
- Utility & Process Water
- Drinking Water
- Horticulture for high end crop
- Food & Beverage processing, cosmetics industries.